Cavity Rydberg Polaritons

Cavity Rydberg Polaritons

Cavity Rydberg Polaritons

Photons move quickly and don't interact with one another. Atoms interact but move very slowly. Our cavity platform allows us to marry these disparate toolsets to explore strongly interacting photons for quantum information processing and the science of synthetic materials. We employ highly excited ("Rydberg") atoms within an optical resonator to mediate photon-photon interactions, creating quasi-particles called "Cavity Rydberg Polaritons" whose mass, trapping, and cyclotron orbits may be controlled via resonator geometry, and whose interactions are tuned through the strength of a 480nm laser field which excites the atoms up to the Rydberg (n~100) state.


  • The central focus of this unique effort is to explore photons in near-degenerate multimode cavities as massive, harmonically trapped particles living in a synthetic magnetic field.
  • To allow these bizarre, charged photons to collide with one another, we couple them to an ensemble of Rydberg-dressed cold atoms, which interact strongly due to their tremendous size (a few micron radius in n=100!)
  • We are now working hard to use this platform to explore fractional quantum hall physics of photons in curved space, and also as a tool to make photonic quantum information processors. The possibilities are endless!

Logan W Clark, Nathan Schine, Claire Baum, Ningyuan Jia and Jonathan Simon, "Observation of Laughlin states made of light" Nature 582, 41-45

Tomoki Ozawa, Hannah M Price, Alberto Amo, Nathan Goldman, Mohammad Hafezi, Ling Lu, Mikael Rechtsman, David Schuster, Jonathan Simon, Oded Zilberberg, Iacopo Carusotto, "Topological Photonics" Rev. Mod. Phys. 91, 015006

Nathan Schine, Michelle Chalupnik, Tankut Can, Andrey Gromov, Jonathan Simon, "Measuring Electromagnetic and Gravitational Responses of Photonic Landau Levels" Nature 565, 173-179

Alexandros Georgakopoulos, Ariel Sommer, Jonathan Simon, "Theory of Interacting Cavity Rydberg Polaritons" Quantum Science and Technology, 4, 1

Ningyuan Jia, Nathan Schine, Alexandros Georgakopoulos, Albert Ryou, Ariel Sommer, Jonathan Simon, "A Strongly Interacting Polaritonic Quantum Dot" Nature Physics 14, 550